Sunday, May 24, 2020

Grecian Identity Essay - 1512 Words

Greece has been a central pinnacle of continuous change. Change that has been influenced by numerous cultures, such as the Minoan culture. The sum of these cultural influences developed a variety of Grecian identities, as well as different interpretations of government. However, these identities were not a unified, collective identity of the people itself. The Greeks were once known as something else: Achaean, Dorian, Ionian, Mycenaean, Theban, Athenian, and so forth. The government was not representative of its people. Shifts in power and authority beset the political atmosphere of Greece. With time, however, the people of Greece began to strive toward a collective identity. The political environment began to solidify toward a populist†¦show more content†¦However, glory can be easily lost, hence Hector’s reluctance to leave the battle. Arà ªte did not discriminate between ethnicities; it was a universal goal. The quest for arà ªte indicated the priorities of the military, specifically the individuals, during this time. It was more important to achieve glory than it was to win the war (winning the war was also preferable to many individuals). Also, the achievement of arà ªte influenced social status. The greater the goal, the more well-known and powerful the individual was. Many times, arà ªte was achieved by the aristoi, or wealthy nobleman. The aristoi could afford armor and could easily participate in battles. Because of this advantage, â€Å"the best† dominated the sociopolitical environment. Written during the Iron Age (1150-750 BCE), The Iliad occurs within the Bronze Age (3000-1150 BCE). In its writing, Homer reveals the conduct of Grecian cities and settlements toward one another during the Bronze Age. Throughout the plot of the poem, both the Achaeans and the Trojans receive support from allies, regardless of the reason for their altercation. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, supports and aids his brother Menelaus in his battle against the Trojans. Others agree to support and to fight with Menelaus as well, such as Odysseus, king of Ithaca. Concurrently, Hector, a prince of Troy and brother of Paris, agrees to fight for Paris. In both occurrences, the belief of allies is strongly supported. For the Achaeans, theirShow MoreRelatedEssay on Quest for Identity in the Victorian Era1880 Words   |  8 PagesQuest for Identity in the Victorian Era      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Who are you? said the caterpillar to Alice (Carroll 60).   This was a question she could not answer.   Why doesnt Alice know what constitutes her being?   Humans desire completeness, and a solid identity.   Up to the age of Darwinism, that void was filled by religious faith.   But with the emergence of Charles Darwins theories on natural selection and survival of the fittest, Victorians were reevaluating their paths to righteousness.   WithoutRead MoreThe Caribbean History1095 Words   |  4 Pages Derek Walcott and Jean Rhys both have texts that use the fragments of the Caribbean history to create their texts. Walcott has mentioned in many essays and interviews how important it is for the artist to not become disillusioned and bitter about history. Rather, artists should make use of these fragments of European, African, and native Arawak/Amerindian, to reinvent and create a voice that entails all of those influences. Walcott redefines and reinvents the literary epic in Omeros and RhysRead MoreHSC English Essay - Belonging1392 Words   |  6 PagesGrossman’s reflective essay Writing in the Dark and Jason Reitman’s film Up in the Air. All three composers highlight the impracticality of humanity’s innate desire for belonging whereby those who attempt to force a sense of connection, ultimately lose a part of their nature. In I Died for Beauty, Dickinson explores the values of ‘truth’ and ‘beauty’ as a barrier in one’s quest for a sense of belonging. The inter-textual reference to Romantic Poet John Keats Ode on a Grecian Urn, in which ‘ beautyRead MoreSimilarities And Differences Of The Lotus Temple And The Sydney Opera House1501 Words   |  7 Pagesthe Baha’I Faith to create the Baha’i House of Worship in New Delhi, India† (Taghdiri). John Rizor in AD Classics: Lotus Temple / Fariborz Sahba states that the psychical structure of the building was, â€Å"constructed primarily of concrete and clad in Grecian marble, resulting in the Lotus Temple’s pristine white exterior while the interior of the structure is revealed in true Expressionist fashion, with the precast ribbed roof exposed in the worship spaces† (Rizor). In addition, photos reveal that inRead MoreThe Between Cressida And Troilus And Cressida Essay1624 Words   |   7 Pagesand military prowess in relation to the male identity, drawing on the masculine ideals of Roman antiquity – a prominent notion during the early modern period – as is evident in Pandarus’ notions of ‘what a man is’. Shakespeare does not, however, endorse these notions in the plays; his handling of the subject is reminiscent more of Cressida’s response in this passage, suggesting that the same qualities which make a man can also effeminize him. This essay will examine how this paradoxical nature ofRead MoreHow Keats Is Obsessed With Beauty2049 Words   |  9 Pagesalthough the protagonists Madeline and Porphyro escape from the fate of death, the poem still ends with the morbid deaths of Angela and the Beadsman. If Keats’ goal is to create Beauty, it seems contradictory to break the beauty he creates. In this essay, I will propose one possible solution to reconcile this seeming contradiction as it specifically appears in â€Å"Is abella, or the Pot of Basil†, and explore the nature of Keats’ project as a whole. First of all, it should be noted that â€Å"Isabella, or theRead MoreWhat Is the Difference Between Sex and Gender?1974 Words   |  8 PagesBetween ‘Sex’ and ‘Gender’? To start this essay I will clearly state definitions of ‘Sex’ and ‘Gender’ respectively. ‘Sex’ is described as ‘the biological properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles.’(Princeton University – 2010). Whereas gender is listed as ‘the state of being male or female, typically with reference to social or cultural differences rather than biological.’(Michigan University – 2010). In this essay I will explore and investigate both sex andRead MoreThe Antilles: Fragments of Epic Memory by Walcott1982 Words   |  8 PagesSt. Lucia was fought over by the French and the British for so many years. The way Helen is depicted in Omeros is avant-garde; she is a spirited and prideful young woman, and these qualities humanize her versus the way they silenced and abducted Grecian Helen. Walcott spotlights Helen and although he uses echoes of Helen of Troy, he reinvents her and creates a victor instead of a victim, making the war â€Å"not theirs but Helen’s war† (30). Walcott uses the pride of Helen as that of St. Lucia asRead MoreThe Handsomest Drowned Man in the World and The Drowned Giant2564 Words   |  11 Pagesto convey their respective themes. The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World by Gabriel Garcia Marquez and The Drowned Giant by J.G. Ballard are both short stories written with similar plots but explore extremely different themes. In this essay I am going to compare the theme, plot, setting, language choices and stylistic effects between the two short stories and how all these relate back to theme itself. The themes of the stories are totally different. They are both about how societiesRead MoreByzantine Art : Contributions And Reflections Of A Falling Empire1901 Words   |  8 PagesMore specifically, what impact does art have, in response, on surrounding societies over time? This theme has been questioned throughout art history in nearly every studied culture. This continuation of the Roman Empire was heavily influenced by Grecian ideas, yet Byzantine art was transformed to an entirely new aesthetic and focus. This art is symbolic in nature, and its subject matter as well as style represents distinct changes. While the cause of this transformation is debated, the subject of

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Conformity in The Rocking-Horse Winner by D.H. Lawrence Essay

In The Rocking-Horse Winner by D.H. Lawrence, the family was unable to see what they really had going for them. Corrupted Conformity Many times, people believe that they must achieve a certain social status within a community due to the need of acceptance, or perhaps, simply the fear of being rejected. Communities normally demonstrate a positive atmosphere. They are supposed to be places where everyone knows and is kind to one another; one where people feel comfortable with each other. Although the idea of community and solidarity is usually something to be looked at in a positive way, as illustrated in â€Å"The Rocking-Horse Winner†, â€Å"The Lottery†, and â€Å"The Shining Houses†, certain individuals suffer greatly when they are†¦show more content†¦The uncle concludes the story by saying: â€Å"But, poor devil, poor devil, he’s best gone out of a life where he rides his rocking-horse to find a winner† (Lawrence 34). In other words, he was already a winner, but no one saw that, the mother was blinded because of her greater desire for wealth. When people are used to something and have done it for so long, they are very reluctant to change. â€Å"The Lottery† is a perfect example of this. The word ‘lottery’ in this story is very ironic; it normally represents a positive aspect, but in this case, whoever wins the lottery, dies. It goes to show that there is definitely something wrong with the community. The people have been involved with this so-called lottery for years, â€Å"Listening to the young folks, nothing’s good enough for them†¦There’s always been a lottery† (Jackson 5), and believe that without it, they would have an unsuccessful harvest season. They are so against change, and while most of the people of the town know that what they are doing is wrong, no one will change it, because it has been tradition for so long. Consequently, Tessie dies at the end because of people’s fear of change. The third and final story, â€Å"The Shining Houses†, deals with people who are so adamant that they must live a certain way, the same way as everyone else, and are in opposition to anyone who decides differently. Mrs. Fullerton is an uncomplicated old woman. Her husbands’ absenceShow MoreRelated Analysis of The Rocking Horse Winner Essay1482 Words   |  6 PagesCertain individuals have a drive that can lead them to achieve what they desire most. In the Short story â€Å"The Rocking Horse Winner†, D.H Lawrence showcases this through character motivation and symbolism. He further this using pursuit of desire, and how if you take it to a certain extent it can result in tragedy if the individual chooses not to conform. Paul wants to please his mother because his mother feels that there family has no luck, but Paul proclaims that he is lucky. Paul suddenly becomesRead MoreHow to Read Lit Like a Prof Notes3608 Words   |  15 Pagestext. 13. It’s All Political a. Literature tends to be written by people interested in the problems of the world, so most works have a political element in them b. Issues: i. Individualism and self-determination against the needs of society for conformity and stability. ii. Power structures iii. Relations among classes iv. issues of justice and rights v. interactions between the sexes and among various racial and ethnic constituencies. 14. Yes, She’s a Christ Figure, Too a. Characteristics of a ChristRead MoreHorace Gregory s Short ( But Perfectly Formed D. H. Lawrence : Pilgrim Of The Apocalypse10205 Words   |  41 PagesCHAPTER TWO Inquisitive D. H. Lawrence versus Anally Retentive Mr. Freud Horace Gregory’s short (but perfectly formed) D. H. Lawrence: Pilgrim of the Apocalypse (1933) explains how Lawrence’s two essays on psychoanalysis were motivated by his desire to understand. What he needed to understand was why he was as he was; how the development of masculinity and gender identity were influenced and how obstacles such as an over-possessive mother might impair these developments. Hence, his works onRead MoreStrategic Marketing Management337596 Words   |  1351 Pageslower rate of growth, use relatively little. Because of the SBU‘s position in the market, economies of scale are often considerable and profit margins high. Two further groups of SBUs have been identified by Barksdale and Harris (1982). These are war horses (high market share and negative growth) and dodos (low share, negative growth). Figure 9.3 The Boston Consulting Group’s SBU classification 370 S T R AT E G I C M A R K E T I N G M A N A G E M E N T 2 Hold. The primary objective in this

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Am Certain and It Is Certain Free Essays

Two very specific different messages are conveyed when one says â€Å"l am certain† versus â€Å"it is certain. When one says â€Å"l am certain,† it is understood by the recipient to mean that the individual is in the highest mental state of being without a doubt. However, this differs from â€Å"It Is certain† because the word â€Å"It† Implies a consensus genteel, an agreement, without a doubt, between many humans In making a knowledge claim. We will write a custom essay sample on Am Certain and It Is Certain or any similar topic only for you Order Now In both cases a knowledge claim Is being made with confidence, but one person’s certainty Is based on the Individual’s perception, Intuition. Season or emotion, whereas a whole group of mankind making a knowledge claim depends on many different people’s perceptions, reasons, and emotions. Since a great number of people consists of many individuals and their unique perceptions, reasons, and emotions, when a knowledge claim is made by all, the claim is transferred from simply a belief to a Justified belief. However, even though the number of people may vary from one to many, we must take into consideration the fact that there are various degrees of certainty. How would one quantify amount of certainty one holds, or be able to create a universal scale for measuring degrees of certainty? Certainty within a people or an individual can have been rooted from many efferent factors, of which one is passionate conviction. The question, addressing passionate conviction, Inquires whether It Is ever sufficient for Justifying knowledge claim. The question Is Implying whether passionate conviction alone, not Including reason, is sufficient for justifying knowledge claims. Passionate conviction that does not take root in reason must be coming from solely the emotional state, which is not sufficient for Justifying knowledge in most cases because further evidence should be presented and should be able to be agreed upon from one’s perception (if possible ND reason. â€Å"l am passionately convinced that daffodils bloom in the springtime† is a knowledge claim that is based on reason and perception, which fuel the passionate conviction. However, passionate conviction that isn’t based on other ways of knowing is usually not sufficient for Justifying claims. However, there are a few instances where passionate convictions may be sufficient for Justifying knowledge. Since passionate conviction Is rooted In emotion, an emotion can dictate your passionate conviction. If I feel empathy for someone being treated abusively, my passionate invention may be enough to Justify my â€Å"knowledge† that the other person desires to not De put tongue ten solution. However, tender are, again many Deterrent levels AT passionate conviction. How would you measure the degree of passionate conviction? Furthermore, is one basis for passionate conviction more valuable than another basis for passionate conviction, and does that change the strength of one’s passionate conviction? These are a few knowledge issues that need to be identified and taken into consideration when deciding whether passionate conviction is sufficient for justifying knowledge. How to cite Am Certain and It Is Certain, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Review of Caterpillars Code of Ethics Essay Example For Students

Review of Caterpillars Code of Ethics Essay Review of Caterpillars’ Code of Ethics Caterpillar Incorporated (Caterpillar) is the world’s top in manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines and industrial gas turbines. In 2008, Caterpillar reported sales revenue of $51. 3 billion dollars from domestic and worldwide operations (Caterpillar, 2008). As reported in Caterpillar’s 2008 Annual Report, Caterpillar is a worldwide company with 67% of their sales from outside of the United States (Caterpillar, 2008). With a global reach and influence, Caterpillar has recognized the need to develop and implement a Code of Conduct to guide its management and employees in their daily practices to make Caterpillar the efficient and profitable global leader it is today. Author, Muel Kaptein (2004) analyzes the business code of several multinational firms to ascertain universal structure and meaning. In his study he states â€Å"A business code is a policy document that defines the responsibilities of the corporation towards its stakeholder and/or the conduct the corporation expects of employees† (Kaptein, 2004 p. 3). Caterpillar recognized in 1974 a need to develop a Code of Conduct to guide its company and employees to act in an ethical manner. According to Caterpillar, their Code of Conduct establishes â€Å"what we stand for and believe in, documenting the uncompromising high ethical standards our company has upheld since its founding in 1925† (Caterpillar, 2005 p. 1). Since 1974, Cat erpillar has updated their code of conduct several times to fit the changing world and their diverse workforce. We will write a custom essay on Review of Caterpillars Code of Ethics specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Caterpillar’s 2005 version of their Code of Conduct, their most current, has four values that they highlight as the foundation of their code of conduct; Integrity, Excellence, Teamwork and Commitment (Caterpillar, 2005). Caterpillar’s first value referenced in its Code of Conduct is Integrity. Caterpillar emphasis their choice of the word of integrity â€Å"as the foundation of all we do† (Caterpillar, 2005 p. 5). They use integrity to communicate to their employees the ethics of honesty and how they should guide themselves in their dealings with customers, suppliers, and all those that they come in contact with. In the post Enron era, a company must have honesty before any customers, suppliers, investors or general public has faith in their credibility as a company. The next pillar of Caterpillars Code of Conduct is Excellence. The excellence credo is further highlighted in the 2005 Code of Conduct as â€Å"The Power of Quality† (Caterpillar, 2005 p. 11). Caterpillar is trying to impart to the stakeholders and their employees that they strive for excellence in everything they do. Caterpillar has built a line of products and has a long standing tradition of high quality products that are in demand around the world. To build the quality they do, they instill the concept of excellence in their employees, suppliers and dealers. An important part of any successful business is the ability to develop and nurture a culture of teamwork. The third principal Caterpillar notates in its Code of Conduct is teamwork, in which they stress that they â€Å"know by working together, we can produce better results than any of us can achieve alone† (Caterpillar, 2005 p. 7). Caterpillar also uses the principal of teamwork to emphasis that the global and cultural diversity of their company is a competitive strength. In an enlightening approach to teamwork, Avshalon Adam and Dalia Rachman-Moore (2004), discuss how companies implement their ethical codes. They have identified teamwork as â€Å"having the most influence on the behavior† and that â€Å"teamwork style disc ourages deviation and encourages co-operation with the organization† (Adam and Rachman-Moore, 2004 p. 232). Teamwork can be seen as the binding force that enables a company to successfully implement and communicate it values and ethics across the company. Caterpillar uses the fourth value of â€Å"Commitment: The Power of Responsibility† (Caterpillar, 2005 p. 23) to outline its commitment â€Å"with whom we work, live and serve† (Caterpillar, 2005 p. 23). An example of Caterpillars commitment to those they live with is exemplified in how they conducted themselves after locating facilities in the Brazilian town of Piracicaba. .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f , .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f .postImageUrl , .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f , .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f:hover , .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f:visited , .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f:active { border:0!important; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f:active , .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ufbc722a17ae6eb8c161f83a02040f90f:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Romeo and Juliet- the story of impulse EssayCaterpillar partnered with the local government to provide guidance and expertise to develop the city. It did have benefits to Caterpillar, but it also showed the integrity to partner with others for mutual benefit to society. Author, Margaret Griesse (2007) illustrated Caterpillar’s leadership and commitment to an underdeveloped community in which they headquarter the Brazilian operations and how they aided the community to the benefit of all stakeholders. The community-based effort led by Caterpillar to elaborate and carry out a sustainable development plan for the city is notable example how a firm can encourage civil p articipation and offer strategic planning know-how to civil-society organizations† (Greisse, 2007 p. 39). Caterpillar recognized early an importance of sharing and communicating its ethics across its global company. It has, over the years, adapted and updated their Code of Conduct as it recognizes the social and business changes throughout the world. The Code of Conduct that Caterpillar publishes truly is the foundation and spirit of how they conduct business and treat all their stakeholders. Caterpillar summarizes this notion best in their introduction to their Code of Conduct, â€Å"The Code of Conduct is the most important document we produce at Caterpillar. † (Caterpillar, 2005 p. 1) References Adam, A. , Rachman-Moore, D. (2004). The Methods used to implement an ethical code of conduct and employee attitudes. Journal of Business Ethics, 54, 225-244. Caterpillar. (2005). Our values in action: Caterpillar’s worldwide code of conduct. Retrieved January 2, 2009 from http://www. cat. com/cda/files/853384/7/2005_code_body_EnglishFull. pdf Caterpillar. (2008). Big challenge: 2008 annual report. Retrieved January 2, 2009 from http://www. cat. com/cda/files/1401923/7/Caterpillar%202008%20Annual%20Report%20-%20electronic%20only. pdf Griesse, M. (2007). Caterpillars interaction with piracicaba, brazil: a community-based analysis of csr. Journal of Business Ethics, 73, 39-51. Kaptein, M. (2004). Business codes of multinational firms: what do they say?. Journal of Business Ethics, 50, 13-31.

Friday, March 27, 2020

A critical review on current debates about the effectiveness of self regulation of the UK press using the News Of The World as a case study The WritePass Journal

A critical review on current debates about the effectiveness of self regulation of the UK press using the News Of The World as a case study Introduction A critical review on current debates about the effectiveness of self regulation of the UK press using the News Of The World as a case study . The failure of self-regulation Perhaps the most significant condemnation of self-regulation stems from the current unethical (and illegal) practices which some journalists choose to engage in. Leading the way in underhand investigatory techniques was the tabloid paper NoW. Described by its owner James Murdoch as a crime fighter, it had a reputation for celebrity scoops and check-book journalism (08.07.11, BBC News). It was the desire to satiate its readership’s interest in this type of story which ultimately pushed it to commit serious violations of privacy. The first indications that it was engaging in phone hacking emerged in 2005 when the newspaper printed a story about a knee injury incurred by Prince William. Suspicions were raised as to how this information had been obtained and eventually the author of the article and an investigator from the paper were arrested and imprisoned for illegal phone hacking. To date the police have identified potentially 6,000 victims demonstrating the widespread extent o f this of crime (28.02.12, BBC News). Unable to sustain credibility the NoW closed in July 2011 under a torrent of allegations. The paper has had to pay out millions in damages to those whose privacy they compromised, including  £2million to the parents of Milly Dowler after it emerged that one of its journalists had tapped into the missing girl’s voicemails 28.02.12, BBC News). The inability of the Press Complaints Commission to prevent this type of journalistic behaviour, which reaches beyond the NoW, stems from a variety of factors. Unpacking current debate on self-regulation gets to the heart of these. Current debate over self-regulation In consequence of this scandal in November 2011 David Cameron convened the Leveson Inquiry to investigate the culture, practice and ethics of the press (24.04.12, BBC News). One of the findings that has emerged from the inquiry is that the Press Complaints Commission needs reforming. Lord Black, chairman of the body which funds it, told the inquiry that phone hacking has demonstrated that this institution lacks the investigative powers and the leverage needed to enforce editors to uphold their Code of Practice and apply punitive sanctions (01.02.12, BBC News). In a move which pre-empts the inquiry report the Press Complaints Commission announced in March 2012 that it would be closing and an interim body would take over until a new framework for a regulatory power can be put into place. This apparent failure of self-regulation has reignited the familiar debate as to how exactly the press should be regulated; can they be relied upon to implement it themselves or should some form of statutory regulation be resorted to? Cameron has indicated that the latter situation is not one he favours given that government regulation of the media does not lead to a free media (06.09.11, BBC News). He has not ruled out the idea however that independent regulation might function better if it was inaugurated through statute but kept removed from the government (06.09.11, BBC News). This would produce a body that is not dissimilar to Ofcom, which was created through statute and charged with overseeing the compliance of TV and radio to a code of practice. It is also an institution which firmly believes self-regulation can work for the press providing its governing council has ‘effective powers of enforcement and sanction’ and ‘genuine powers of investigation’ ( O’Carroll, The Guardian, 2012). Ofcom too believes that if self-regulation is to be viable then some aspects of it, particularly the rules governing membership, may have to be upheld by statute (O’Carroll). Other contributors to the ongoing debate about self-regulation have identified alternative aspects of the regulatory process which might be more effective if enforced by law. For instance O’Malley and Soley have argued that there is no reason why there should not be laws that guarantee the right to correction of factual inaccuracies in the press (O’Malley and Soley, p.2). Conservative MP George Eustice has come forward to say that a clearer privacy law which unequivocally balances the right to privacy against the right to freedom of expression would benefit both the public and the press (Eustice, The Guardian, 2012). Not everyone sees the phone hacking scandal as a failure of self-regulation. The Guardian’s Gill Phillip points the blame at internal management and the police for not investigating evidence they first obtained in 2006 (Phillips, 2012). The Press Complaints Commission, Phillips argues, was not designed to address criminal conduct (Phillips). If this situation was to be dealt with through more top-down regulation the result would be heightened complexity which would do no more than obscure the public’s rights and the press’ responsibilities(Phillips). Belsey certainly concurs with this standpoint arguing in Britain the media are already curtailed by the criminal laws of, to name a few, official secrets and sedition, by the civil laws of libel and breach of confidence, and as well as through the use of interlocutory or ‘gagging’ injunctions (Belsey, 1992, p. 6). Adding privacy to this list would have a damaging effect on journalism whilst in all likelihood having no impact on the gossip of tabloids. Furthermore legal restriction on the press will not only curb its democratic role but will also increase the instances when a journalist if faced with the dilemma of acting either legally or ethically (Belsey, p. 8; Harriss, 1992, p. 68). Conclusion – the way forward for self-regulation Self-regulation has been and continues to be undeniably flawed and this is typified by the activity of the NoW. This has been recognised and a significant overhaul of the system is on the agenda. Lord Hunt has proposed that the successor to the Press Complaints Commission should have two arms; the first should address complaints and mediation, the second should operate as an auditor which enforces standards and adherence to the editors’ code.   Additionally a more pronounced effort should be made by newspapers internally to self-regulate through the appointment of individuals responsible for compliance (Greenslade, The Guardian, 2012). This would create a regulatory body which has the ability to demand a continued and unwavering commitment to ethical journalism. Ofcom too are confident that if this new body has a robust framework and the authority to impose sanctions on wayward newspapers, effectual self-regulation could at last be overseeing the activity of the press (Oâ₠¬â„¢Carroll). The case of the Press Complaints Commission illustrates that voluntary self-regulation has been little more than a token effort at control over the industry. The blame for this, Tunstall suggests and events corroborate, is with the government for not finding the courage to insist on a compulsory system (Tunstall, 1996, p. 391). In all likelihood the press may have to reconcile themselves with the idea that their membership to this yet undecided regulator will be made obligatory by law. Arguably it would be this new system which differentiates the upcoming regulator from those which have fallen in its wake, and differentiation is certainly needed if the same failures of the past are not to be repeated. Bibliography Belsey, A., ‘Privacy, publicity and politics’, in Belsey and R. Chadwick (ed.), Ethical issues in journalism and the media, Routledge, London, 1992 Harris, N., ‘Codes of conduct for journalists’, in Belsey and R. Chadwick (ed.), 1992 O’Malley, T., and C. Soley, Regulating the Press, Pluto Press, London, 2000 Tunstall, J., Newspaper Power, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1996 ‘News of the World: An obituary’, 08.07.11, BBC News ‘Cameron warns MPs against regulation ‘revenge’ on media’, 06.09.11, BBC News ‘Phone hacking scandal: Timeline’, 28.02.12, BBC News ‘QA; The Leveson Inquiry’, 24.04.12, BBC News Greesnlade, R., ‘Hunt’s plan for a new form of press self-regulation, The Guardian, 09.03.12 Phillips, G., ‘Press freedom v privacy: Time for parliament to draw the line? The Guardian, 30.03.12 Eustice, G.,‘A privacy law is vital for the future of the British media’, The Guardian, 08.04.12 O’Carroll, L., ‘Ofcom: press self-regulation could work’, The Guardian, 18.04.2012 All BBC News articles accessed at www.bbc.co.uk/news on 28.04.12 All Guardian articles accessed at www.guardian.ac.uk on 28.04.12

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Noras secret Essays

Noras secret Essays Noras secret Essay Noras secret Essay Movement and gestures were pivotally used throughout this performance and its success varied with each character. For example, Mrs. Linde (Jennifer Hennessey) did not use effective movement to demonstrate her characters persona. In my opinion I interpreted the role of Mrs. Linde, when reading A Dolls House, as being quite strong and self-liberated, yet in the performance she was interpreted as quite weak in the way she spoke, and Hennessey did not use vivid movements to support this distinct interpretation. However, movement was used exceptionally by Helmer (Ian Dunn) in the use of body language, gestures and stance. My interpretation of the character Helmer was that of a spoilt boy trapped in a grown mans body and I believe that Dunn captured this perfectly through his boyish walk and his mannerisms used when in Noras company. OVERALL IMPRESSION THE PRODUCTION WAS TRYING TO CONVEY Doll s Houses is considered one of the most controversial plays of its era and even in present day, its main themes and sub-meanings are still very much pivotal in daily life. The production I went to see in the Southwark Playhouse used this mentality in showing that a womans struggle for self-liberation is as real, necessary and challenging today as it was in Ibsens time. For my part, the director (Thea Sharrock) was trying create a microcosm of the feminist movement in the play. Sharrock also drew attention to how easily the human train of thought can morph from one mindset into another and this was shown by the way Nora stood frozen with a perplexed look upon her face during the last fragment of the play, which greatly contrasted the giddy and childish, fidgety manner Nora had during the beginning. Over the course of the performance, appearances prove to be misleading veneers that mask the reality of the plays characters and situations. My first impressions of Nora, Torvald, and Krogstad ere all eventually undercut. Nora initially seemed a silly, childish woman, but as the play progressed, I saw that she is intelligent, motivated, and, by the plays conclusion, a strong-willed, independent thinker. Torvald, though he plays the part of the strong, benevolent husband, reveals himself to be cowardly, petty, and selfish when he fears Krogstad may expose him to scandal. Krogstad too reveals himself to be a much more sympathetic and merciful character than he first appears to be. The plays climax was largely a matter of resolving identity confusion-we see Krogstad as a lover, Nora as an intelligent, brave woman, and Torvald as a simpering, sad man, which was all a part of proving the true possibility of breaking lose from an autocratic society. Situations too are misinterpreted both by the audience and by the characters through clever use of dramatic irony. The seeming hatred between Mrs. Linde and Krogstad turns out to be love. Noras creditor turns out to be Krogstad and not, as the audience and Mrs. Linde suppose, Dr. Rank. And the seemingly villainous Krogstad repents and returns Noras contract to her, while the seemingly kind-hearted Mrs. Linde ceases to help Nora and forces Torvalds discovery of Noras secret. The instability of appearances within the Torvald household during the performances end results from Torvalds devotion to image at the expense of the creation of true happiness. Because Torvald seemed craves respect from his employees, friends, and wife, status and image are important to him. Any disrespect-when Nora called him petty and when Krogstad familiarly called Torvald by his first name, for example-angered Torvald greatly to show his spoilt and childish nature. By the end of the play, we saw that Torvalds obsession with controlling his homes appearance and his repeated suppression and denial of reality harmed his family and his happiness irreparably showing that men are not always the stronger sex as society has deemed so.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

PayPal Case Study Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

PayPal Case Study - Essay Example Lots of paypal sellers do not receive payment for items sold through paypal due to credit card fraud and blame paypal for it. Likewise, many buyers do not receivee the goods ordered and paid via paypal as the merchant was bogus and hence blame paypal for not verifying the sellers. Paypal contact number is not easily found on their website. The number is buried deep inside their website. Customers believe that paypal does it on purpose so that they will not be contacted easily. Morover, the customer service number for personal accounts is not toll free and since there is usually a long wait time. Many users also complain that the Terms of Service are not fully disclosed during sign-up. Due to a Paypal email password scam, a lot of user passwords have been hacked. Although the emails requesting passwords were not sent by paypal, this has affected a lot of customers and cost them a lot of money. Inspite of all the criticism it faces, paypal is an increasingly popular method of payment which satisfies a niche market of e-tailers who favor it due to its low transaction fees and global usage. Paypal has been accused of being unethical. But the steps which Paypal has taken to reduce criticism, given below, prove that this accusation is not true. Inorder to combat buyer fraud, paypal uses advanced software to